Nathaniel Clyne UEFA EURO Jersey , it can also result from spinal injury or trauma and is frequently seen in athletes suffering from spondylolysis, a tiny crack or stress fracture in the back of the vertebrae. Spondyloysis commonly results from the overuse and repeated extension of the spine through a bending backward motion.
While children are typically more resilient and flexible than adults, as their activities become more specialized and their sporting events become more aggressive and competitive, they can risk putting excessive stress on their immature skeletal systems. Thus, children who participate in gymnastics, diving, swimming, and dance may be susceptible to spondylolisthesis, as may those who participate sports like football, soccer, hockey, and volleyball.
The most common symptom of spondylolisthesis is pain that spreads across the lower back and worsens when the back is arched. A child may also have difficulty walking, hamstring tightness that limits his or her ability to bend, or poor posture. If the vertebral slippage is severe and spinal nerves are compressed Ryan Bertrand UEFA EURO Jersey , the pain may shoot down one or both legs and cause weakness or numbness in the legs and feet. When a child experiences any of these symptoms, a doctor will likely seek to confirm the existence of a stress fracture or vertebral slippage and rule out other hidden defects through a spinal x-ray, bone scan, or CT scan.
After the condition is confirmed, the first step in relieving and healing spondylolisthesis symptoms is rest. The child should temporarily stop engaging in the activity that caused the injury. Physical therapy designed to strengthen the back and abdominal muscles, which support the backbone, may be recommended. If the child needs additional relief, he or she can wear a back brace, which flattens out the normal curvature of the spine. Usually, the brace is worn for a few months as the child moves about throughout the day, and as the symptoms lessen, the amount of time in the brace is reduced.
Youthful bodies generally heal quickly, so in most spondylolisthesis cases involving children, the symptoms improve following a period of rest and surgical intervention is not required. However Theo Walcott UEFA EURO Jersey